|Global cluster||Code||Sub-domain||Title||Description / Rationale|
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W8-1||W8 WASH Programme Design and Implementation||All groups within the affected population have equitable access to WASH facilities and services||
Groups within the affected population may include, but not be limited to, men and women of different ages, children, people from different social, economic, livelihoods and ethnic groups, people living with HIV/AIDS, people with chronic illness, single-headed households, child-headed households and people with disabilities. Different groups may be defined by their different needs, vulnerabilities and capacities. The point is not to carry out an exhaustive breakdown of all the different groups within the population concerned, but to check if any particular group of people is excluded from the WASH response, fully or in part, and to correct the situation if that is the case.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W8-2||W8 WASH Programme Design and Implementation||The WASH response includes effective mechanisms for representative and participatory input from all users at all phases||
Relevant mechanisms include the use of participatory assessment methods, seeking an understanding of the social diversity of the affected population and the interests of key stakeholders, representation arrangements such as community WASH committees that reflect the range of needs, vulnerabilities and capacities of different groups in the population, and joint planning and monitoring of facilities and services. All phases of the WASH response include the following: assessment, planning, design and location of facilities, training, monitoring and evaluation. This indicator is partly met where mechanisms are still in the process of being established or are only established to a limited extent (for example where water committees have been established but they are not representative or where women's hygiene groups are in operation but they are used to provide cleaning services and not as a forum for discussion and decision).
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W8-3||W8 WASH Programme Design and Implementation||The affected population takes responsibility for the management and maintenance of facilities as appropriate, and all groups contribute equitably||
Where possible, it is good practice to form water and/or sanitation committees, made up of representatives from the various user groups and half of whose members are women. The functions of these committees are to manage the communal facilities such as water points, public toilets and washing areas, be involved in hygiene promotion activities and also act as a mechanism for ensuring representation and promoting sustainability. In addition, encouraging people from the affected population to take active responsibility for the management and maintenance of facilities helps in the process of social recovery and contributes to sustainability.