|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W3-5||W3.2 Toilet Facilities||Proportion of toilets that are clean||
Clean toilets are those that are free from faeces inside and around the structure itself, including the squatting plate. Toilets where there are traces of faeces, urine or anal cleansing materials from careless use or incomplete cleaning should be considered clean, as opposed to those with stools inside or outside. Toilets that have a very strong bad smell inside may also be considered dirty by users and if so should be defined as dirty for this indicator.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W4-1||W4 Vector Control||Degree of vector-borne disease risk||
Malaria: Malaria is one of the major causes of disease and loss of life in emergencies. This indicator is designed to estimate the risk of malaria to the population concerned in general terms, taking into account the following factors: 1) whether or not the area is endemic for malaria; 2) whether or not it is the malaria season; 3) the degree of immunity of the population; 4) the adequacy of measures in place to control malaria transmission.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W4-2||W4 Vector Control||Proportion of households adopting measures to reduce biological vector-borne disease risk||
This indicator can be seen as a compilation of several indicators related to hygiene practices, mainly, the indicators W1-6, W1-8, W1-10 and W1-11. If , in an household, these four indicators are met, it can be considered, that the measures to reduce biological vector-bonre disease risks have been taken.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W5-1||W5 Solid Waste Management||Presence of solid waste on and around the site||
Substantial presence is a somewhat subjective judgment, but to classify as such, it should clearly indicate a pattern of habitual disposal of solid waste in an uncontrolled way, or in a controlled but unsafe way (for example, piles of waste to accumulate at street corners). A few scattered plastic bags do not constitute a substantial presence. If the amount of solid waste on the ground has increased significantly due to the crisis, this should also be considered.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W5-2||W5 Solid Waste Management||Presence and effectiveness of a solid-waste management system||
An effective solid-waste management system is one that ensures the following: 1)people have a convenient and hygienic place to deposit waste (at household level or in public spaces such as mark distribution centres etc.); 2) waste does not create a significant nuisance or health risk during the period before collection; 3) waste is collected regularly (at least weekly); 4) waste is disposed of at a site and in a way that does not create a nuisance or a health risk.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W8-1||W8 WASH Programme Design and Implementation||All groups within the affected population have equitable access to WASH facilities and services||
Groups within the affected population may include, but not be limited to, men and women of different ages, children, people from different social, economic, livelihoods and ethnic groups, people living with HIV/AIDS, people with chronic illness, single-headed households, child-headed households and people with disabilities. Different groups may be defined by their different needs, vulnerabilities and capacities.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W8-2||W8 WASH Programme Design and Implementation||The WASH response includes effective mechanisms for representative and participatory input from all users at all phases||
Relevant mechanisms include the use of participatory assessment methods, seeking an understanding of the social diversity of the affected population and the interests of key stakeholders, representation arrangements such as community WASH committees that reflect the range of needs, vulnerabilities and capacities of different groups in the population, and joint planning and monitoring of facilities and services. All phases of the WASH response include the following: assessment, planning, design and location of facilities, training, monitoring and evaluation.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W8-3||W8 WASH Programme Design and Implementation||The affected population takes responsibility for the management and maintenance of facilities as appropriate, and all groups contribute equitably||
Where possible, it is good practice to form water and/or sanitation committees, made up of representatives from the various user groups and half of whose members are women. The functions of these committees are to manage the communal facilities such as water points, public toilets and washing areas, be involved in hygiene promotion activities and also act as a mechanism for ensuring representation and promoting sustainability.