Indicators

Global cluster Code Sub-domain Title Description / Rationale
Food Security, Health, Logistics, Protection, Nutrition, Water Sanitation Hygiene, Camp Coordination / Management, Education, Emergency Shelter and NFI, Emergency Telecommunications, Early Recovery AAP-1 Feedback Mechanisms Number of feedback received (including complaints) which have been acted upon

Feedback mechanisms provide a means for all those affected to comment on and thus indirectly influence programme planning and implementation (see HAP’s ‘participation’ benchmark). They include focus group discussions, surveys, interviews and meetings on ‘lessons learnt’ with a representative sample of all the affected population (see ECB’s Good Enough Guide for tools and Guidance notes 3–4). The findings and the agency’s actions in response to feedback should be systematically shared with the affected population. (Sphere Core Standard 1, Guidance Note 2)

Possible examples:

  • % of women/girls and % of men/boys satisfied with the quality and appropriateness of response at the end of the project
  • # of text messages received daily and acted upon according to the agreed/established procedures 
Food Security, Health, Logistics, Protection, Nutrition, Water Sanitation Hygiene, Camp Coordination / Management, Education, Emergency Shelter and NFI, Emergency Telecommunications, Early Recovery AAP-2 Sharing Information Number of information products distributed to the affected population through a variety of mechanisms on humanitarian program planning, functioning and progress

People have a right to accurate and updated information about actions taken on their behalf. Information can reduce anxiety and is an essential foundation of community responsibility and ownership. At a minimum, clusters and agencies should provide a description of the cluster's role and responsibilities, agency’s mandate and project(s), the population’s entitlements and rights, and when and where to access assistance (see HAP’s ‘sharing information’ benchmark). (Sphere Core Standard 1, Guidance Note 4)

Possible examples:

  • # of ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ documents about the work of the cluster disseminated
  • # of talkback radio programmes joined to explain response planning and selection criteria of cluster to affected population 
Food Security, Health, Logistics, Protection, Nutrition, Water Sanitation Hygiene, Camp Coordination / Management, Education, Emergency Shelter and NFI, Emergency Telecommunications, Early Recovery AAP-3 Participation Number of persons consulted (disaggregated by sex/age) before designing a program/project [alternatively: while implementing the program/project]

Participation in design of assessments, programmes, evaluations etc, means that a selected segment(s) of the affected populaiton have a direct influence on decision making.  Measures should be taken to ensure the participation of members of all groups of affected people – young and old, men and women. Special efforts should be made to include people who are not well represented, are marginalised (e.g. by ethnicity or religion) or otherwise ‘invisible’ (e.g. housebound or in an institution). The participation of youth and children should be promoted so far as it is in their own best interest and measures taken to ensure that they are not exposed to abuse or harm. (Sphere Core Standard 1, Guidance Note 3)

Possible examples:

  • # of focus group discussions organized with affected girls, women, boys and men that have been used to influence decisions made on design of assessments, programmes, standards, selection criteria, etc.
  • % of female and % of male parents actively participating in the conception and implementation of M&E of education in emergencies services. 
Food Security F-1 F3 Food Access Change in food consumption patterns

Can be measured by several indicatos like Food Consumption Score (FCS) And Household dietary diveristy score (HDDS). Current compared to pre-crisis. Frequency of meals, dietary diversity, increase/ decrease of certain food items.

Food Security F-10 F6 Availability Change in availability of key commodities in markets

Measuring the difference in availability of key commodities will indicate if markets are under stress at different periods of time in comparison to the baseline.

Food Security F-11 F6 Availability Percentage of Households by duration of staple food stock

Percentage of households that have stocks of staple food to feed their family or have the capacity to access food stocks for a given duration of time.

Food Security F-12 F6.1 Food Availability and Agriculture Change in production compared to previous year’s harvest by commodity
Comparing the last years' (normal production) with the post crisis crop production which is also an indicator that can give information on household access to income
 
Food Security F-13 F6 Availability Percentage of Households/ communities unable to plant for next season

Share of households that are unable to restart their agricultural activities in the upcoming cropping season. To be able to farm, HHs need access to arable land, seeds, tools and other agricultural inputs. Depending on the type of crisis, one or more of these can become unavailable.

Food Security F-14 F6 Availability Change in herd sizes

Reporting on the percentage of change to overall herd sizes (households that either lost animals because of the crisis or had to sell or slaughter their animals as an emergency measure).

Food Security F-15 F6 Availability Number of reported animal disease outbreaks

Number of animal disease outbreaks in a community or in any given geographical area.

Food Security F-16 F6 Availability Percentage of Households with suitable daily water and fodder consumption for livestock

Percentage of households that have enough suitable water and fodder available for their animals. In many contexts in may be relevant to collect the data by community.

Food Security F-17 F7 Utilization Percentage of individuals having daily access to an appropriate amount of safe water
Percentage of individuals/HHs that have daily access to an appropriate quantity  (a minimum of 15 litres per person per day of water) and quality of water, coming from an improved water source.
 
Food Security F-18 F7 Utilization Percentage of HHs with capacity to prepare food safely
proportion of households with capacity to prepare food safely (fuel, water, cooking utensils, food)
 
Food Security F-19 F7 Utilization Percentage of households that have changed intra-household food distribution

Assessing the impact of the crisis on food distribution patterns inside the HHs. The change can occur in several ways and have several degrees of severity: i.e. adults restrict consumption for children to eat, women do not eat to give food only to men (as they work) etc.

Food Security F-2 F3 Food Access Change in food source

Change in % share of sources for obtaining food compared to baseline, which could include food purchase, food production, borrowed food, food aid, gifts, barter or wild foods.

Food Security F-3 F3 Food Access % change in key food & non-food commodity prices

Comparison between pre-crisis and actual prices of the main food and non-food commodities in the market.

Food Security F-4 F3 Food Access Coping Strategies

Can be measured by several indicatos like the reduced Coping Strategy Index, the Household Hunger Scale or similar hunger experience indicator. Also the livelihood component can be included.

Food Security F-5 F3 Food Access Change in main source of income

the changes occurred to the income derived from any given sources. It is imperative to have pre-crisis information to be able to value it. Example of sources of income can include crop production, wage labour, trading, livestock, fishery, exploitation of natural resources, salary and remittances.

Food Security F-6 F3 Food Access Change in ability to meet survival and livelihoods protection thresholds
This indicator uses the HEA approach to determine households’ survival and livelihoods protection thresholds and with shocks, their ability to meet their needs, using their coping strategies, as per the baseline.
Food Security F-7 F3 Food Access Expenditure patterns

Change in expenditure patterns in % terms, especially on items such as food, health, education, housing, transportation, clothing fuel and water among others..

Food Security F-8 F3 Food Access change in HH ownership of productive assets

Recording of the pre- and post-crises ownership of specific assets. Assets are generally classified as productive assets (if linked to a livelihood and income generating activities) and household assets.

Food Security F-9 F3 Food Access Change in access to functioning markets

A market is here understood as a place where people are able to buy and sell products, including food, agricultural inputs and other consumption goods. Functioning markets are characterised by the existence of competition (between sellers as well as buyers), and availability of information.

Food Security F-Output-1 F1 Food Assistance Number of beneficiaries receiving food, non-food items, cash transfers and vouchers as % of planned
Food Security F-Output-10 F8 Agriculture and Livestock Quantity of input items distributed, as % of planned
Food Security F-Output-11 F1 Food Assistance Number of people trained as % of planned (e.g. best nutrition practice or land conservation etc.)