|Food Security, Health, Logistics, Protection, Nutrition, Water Sanitation Hygiene, Camp Coordination / Management, Education, Emergency Shelter and NFI, Emergency Telecommunications, Early Recovery||AAP-1||Feedback Mechanisms||Number of feedback received (including complaints) which have been acted upon||
Feedback mechanisms provide a means for all those affected to comment on and thus indirectly influence programme planning and implementation (see HAP’s ‘participation’ benchmark). They include focus group discussions, surveys, interviews and meetings on ‘lessons learnt’ with a representative sample of all the affected population (see ECB’s Good Enough Guide for tools and Guidance notes 3–4). The findings and the agency’s actions in response to feedback should be systematically shared with the affected population.
|Food Security, Health, Logistics, Protection, Nutrition, Water Sanitation Hygiene, Camp Coordination / Management, Education, Emergency Shelter and NFI, Emergency Telecommunications, Early Recovery||AAP-2||Sharing Information||Number of information products distributed to the affected population through a variety of mechanisms on humanitarian program planning, functioning and progress||
People have a right to accurate and updated information about actions taken on their behalf. Information can reduce anxiety and is an essential foundation of community responsibility and ownership. At a minimum, clusters and agencies should provide a description of the cluster's role and responsibilities, agency’s mandate and project(s), the population’s entitlements and rights, and when and where to access assistance (see HAP’s ‘sharing information’ benchmark). (Sphere Core Standard 1, Guidance Note 4)
|Food Security, Health, Logistics, Protection, Nutrition, Water Sanitation Hygiene, Camp Coordination / Management, Education, Emergency Shelter and NFI, Emergency Telecommunications, Early Recovery||AAP-3||Participation||Number of persons consulted (disaggregated by sex/age) before designing a program/project [alternatively: while implementing the program/project]||
Participation in design of assessments, programmes, evaluations etc, means that a selected segment(s) of the affected populaiton have a direct influence on decision making. Measures should be taken to ensure the participation of members of all groups of affected people – young and old, men and women. Special efforts should be made to include people who are not well represented, are marginalised (e.g. by ethnicity or religion) or otherwise ‘invisible’ (e.g. housebound or in an institution).
|Early Recovery||R-1||R4 Governance||Number and Percentage of public sector employees (male/female) unavailable because of crisis by gender/grade or post||
Number of public sector employees is one of crucial proxy indicators to the functioning of government in post crisis setting. Public sector employees may be unavailable because they or their families are directly affected by mortality or injury because of the crisis. They may also not be at work because their workplace building has been damaged or destroyed, because they cannot use transport networks to access their workplace, or because insecurity does not permit travel to work.
|Early Recovery||R-10||R2 Basic Infrastructure Restoration||Area and Percentage of affected landmass with problematic rubble/debris present||
"Debris or rubble" is the material from the damage or destruction that results from some disasters. It includes wreckage from everything that could possibly be destroyed or damaged, as well as materials brought in by a catastrophic event. "Problematic" refers to situations where such debris causes immediate physical and psychological barriers for emergency relief and recovery activities.
|Early Recovery||R-11||R2 Basic Infrastructure Restoration||Percentage of debris collected which is recycled (e.g. for shelter, furniture, livelihoods production etc)||
Debris or rubble can be recycled for shelter purposes - e.g. timber and bricks can be used for shelter. Some timber can be recycled for furniture construction and other debris can be processed and sold and contribute to strengthening economic livelihoods. Create opportunities for women and vulnerable groups to engage and benefit from recycling.
|Early Recovery||R-12||R2 Basic Infrastructure Restoration||Number of safe waste disposal sites identified in each targeted debris removal area||
Debris removal and processing, including debris recycling, can be critical to helping a population to recover from crisis. It can also be essential to dispose of debris that is blocking humanitarian actives. Safe and well managed disposal sites are key to debris removal. They have to be established in suitable locations, follow national safety rules and be able to process all of the debris removed.
|Early Recovery||R-13||R2 Basic Infrastructure Restoration||Number and Percentage of population with access to basic community infrastructure not covered by other sectors or clusters, e.g. police stations, town halls, administrative buildings. Schools (if not covered by Edu), playgrounds, parks||
The types of basic community infrastructure that is covered by the Early Recovery cluster will be decided in-country by the relevant cluster coordinators. The accessibility of ER structures must then be estimated: access in disasters can be limited by the damage or destruction of a structure; by damage or destruction of the transport networks servicing the structure; or by insecurity, for example.
|Early Recovery||R-14||R4 Governance||Number and location of community reconciliation efforts undertaken||
Reconciliation efforts may be identified as a large range of initiatives, from local school-based exercises to formal, state-level peacebuilding activities. They should be monitored through the entities who undertake the activities, e.g. NGOs, women's groups, ethnic groups, state/non state actors, consultation of elders/community leaders, faith based organisations
|Early Recovery||R-15||R1 Economic Recovery and Livelihoods||Number and Percentage of non-functioning markets||
This indicator must compare the number of pre-crisis markets with the number of markets operational after the disaster. It will require a level of interpretation - for example, a damaged market may re-open but show little buying and selling if cash is not available.