|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W1-1||W1.1 Hygiene items||Proportion of households possessing soap||
Use of soap in handwashing helps to reduce diarrhoeal transmission. Although substitute such as ash may be as effective, soap encourages handwashing. Make sure it is present at household level is an important public health intervention.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W1-10||W1.2 Hygiene Practices||Proportion of households where food is safely stored, prepared and consumed||
Safe food practice involves three main precautions: (1) clean all surfaces in contact with food: wash hands before food preparation and eating, wash cooking and eating utensils, (2) use safe ingredients: use safe water and foodstuffs, wash fresh foods to be eaten raw, (3) store food safely: protect from flies, separate raw and uncooked foods, avoid storing leftovers or cooking a long time before eating.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W1-11||W1.2 Hygiene Practices||Proportion of pregnant women, children under five and other vulnerable people sleeping under effective insecticide-treated mosquito nets||
Insecticide-treated nets are nets for hanging over sleeping places, treated with an insecticide that repels, disables and kills mosquitoes coming into contact with them. Conventionally treated nets are effective if they have been retreated correctly within the last six months (or the last yea the case of some chemicals), not washed more than three times since the last treatment and without holes or tears.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W1-2||W1.1 Hygiene items||Proportion of households possessing at least one clean narrow-necked or covered water container for drinking-water||
Narrow-necked or covered water containers include jerricans and buckets with tight-filling lid and tap or pouring hole, so as to prevent people (including children) from putting their hands or contaminated objects into the container. Container should be clean in the sense of being free from visible dirt and should have been washed within the last week.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W1-3||W1.1 Hygiene items||Average total capacity of water collection and storage containers at household level||
Water collection and storage containers may include a range of sizes and types of container, including traditional containers, containers made from recycled materials and manufactured containers such as jerricans. Total capacity is the volume, in litres of all the water containers available for collection and storage in the household.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W1-4||W1.1 Hygiene items||Proportion of households with appropriate water treatment supplies and equipment||
Water-treatment supplies and equipment includes chemicals for flocculation and disinfection, filter systems and equipment and fuel for boiling. Equipment and supplies are appropriate where they are already known by the population concerned or where they are simple enough for the people concerned to use them safely and effectively with the instructions provided.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W1-5||W1.1 Hygiene items||Accessibility of appropriate sanitary protection materials for menstruation, and underwear, for women and girls||
Appropriate sanitary protection materials are the materials that women and girls are accustomed to using in normal circumstances, in sufficient quantities and of an acceptable quality. Convenient and private places for washing and drying reusable cloths may also be necessary in some circumstances. Widespread lack of access means that it is difficult or impossible to get access to materials because they are simply not available or not affordable.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W1-6||W1.1 Hygiene items||Proportion of households possessing one or more effective insecticide-treated mosquito nets||
Insecticide-treated nets are nets for hanging over sleeping places, treated with an insecticide that repels, disables and kills mosquitoes coming into contact with them. They may be of ordinary netting that is periodically retreated with insecticide, or they may be long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN's), with the insecticide within or bound around the fibres of the netting.
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W1-7||W1.2 Hygiene Practices||Proportion of households where only safe water is used for drinking and cooking||
Safe water is defined as water that: (1) comes from a protected and/or treated water supply and/or is treated at household or point of use; (2) is collected and stored in clean covered or narrow-necked containers; (3) is transferred safely during collection at the water point, when transferring from collection containers to storage, (4) containers and when transferring to containers used for drinking or cooking
|Water Sanitation Hygiene||W1-8||W1.2 Hygiene Practices||Proportion of men, women, boys and girls who last defecated in a toilet (or whose faeces was last disposed of in a safe manner)||
A hygienic toilet is a facility that is designed, located, built and managed in such a way that users can conveniently ensure their excreta is contained, isolated and/or treated so that it is not a source of contamination. Typical hygienic toilets include standard types of pit latrine, composting toilets, chemical toilets and flushing toilets with water-borne sewerage or septic tanks, as well as more basic traditional systems used in low-density settlements.