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Global Clusters Code Sub-domain Title Description
Food Security, Health, Logistics, Protection, Nutrition, Water Sanitation Hygiene, Camp Coordination / Management, Education, Emergency Shelter and NFI, Emergency Telecommunications, Early Recovery AAP-1 Feedback Mechanisms Number of feedback received (including complaints) which have been acted upon

Feedback mechanisms provide a means for all those affected to comment on and thus indirectly influence programme planning and implementation (see HAP’s ‘participation’ benchmark). They include focus group discussions, surveys, interviews and meetings on ‘lessons learnt’ with a representative sample of all the affected population (see ECB’s Good Enough Guide for tools and Guidance notes 3–4). The findings and the agency’s actions in response to feedback should be systematically shared with the affected population. (Sphere Core Standard 1, Guidance Note 2)

Food Security, Health, Logistics, Protection, Nutrition, Water Sanitation Hygiene, Camp Coordination / Management, Education, Emergency Shelter and NFI, Emergency Telecommunications, Early Recovery AAP-2 Sharing Information Number of information products distributed to the affected population through a variety of mechanisms on humanitarian program planning, functioning and progress

People have a right to accurate and updated information about actions taken on their behalf. Information can reduce anxiety and is an essential foundation of community responsibility and ownership. At a minimum, clusters and agencies should provide a description of the cluster's role and responsibilities, agency’s mandate and project(s), the population’s entitlements and rights, and when and where to access assistance (see HAP’s ‘sharing information’ benchmark). (Sphere Core Standard 1, Guidance Note 4)

Possible examples:

Food Security, Health, Logistics, Protection, Nutrition, Water Sanitation Hygiene, Camp Coordination / Management, Education, Emergency Shelter and NFI, Emergency Telecommunications, Early Recovery AAP-3 Participation Number of persons consulted (disaggregated by sex/age) before designing a program/project [alternatively: while implementing the program/project]

Participation in design of assessments, programmes, evaluations etc, means that a selected segment(s) of the affected populaiton have a direct influence on decision making.  Measures should be taken to ensure the participation of members of all groups of affected people – young and old, men and women. Special efforts should be made to include people who are not well represented, are marginalised (e.g. by ethnicity or religion) or otherwise ‘invisible’ (e.g. housebound or in an institution).

Water Sanitation Hygiene W 6-1 W6 Drainage Presence of stagnant water on and around the site

A substantial presence may be a large body of standing water such as a pond, a high density of small areas such as water standing in tyre tracks. If the standing water is contaminated wastewater then even small quantities should be considered as significant. Small puddles of rainwater that dry up after a day or so should not be considered a substantial presence.

Water Sanitation Hygiene W 7-1 W7 Aggravating Factors Presence of faecal-oral diseases

Faecal-oral diseases are those diseases that are transmitted by faecal material passing into the mouth, principally via contaminated water, hands and food, and are prevented by improvements in water supply, sanitation and hygiene. The most important of these diseases in most emergencies are various diarrhoeal diseases. Diseases with outbreak risk are those that may spread rapidly and require a rapid response to protect public health. They include cholera, typhoid, shigellosis, and hepatitis A and E.

Water Sanitation Hygiene W 7-2 W7 Aggravating Factors Extent of global acute malnutrition and food insecurity

The global acute malnutrition rate is the percentage of under-five children below 80% (or below -2Z scores) weight for height and/or with oedema. In the acute stages of an emergency this rate may be estimated approximately in a rapid nutritional assessment with a MUAC (mid-upper arm circumference) survey by nutrition staff.

Water Sanitation Hygiene W 7-3 W7 Aggravating Factors Access to health service

Health services are preventive and clinical services that aim to address the main causes of excess mortality and morbidity present in the given context. Access is the ability of the affected population to use to, or be covered by, those services. This may be limited by the capacity of health services (human resources, supplies and equipment, systems and procedures) in relation to the population to be served, and by distance, cost, social exclusion, lack of information etc.

Water Sanitation Hygiene W 7-4 W7 Aggravating Factors Density of settlement in m2 of total site area per person

The total site area per person includes shelter plots, and the space needed for roads, footpaths, schools, sanitation, firebreaks, markets, distribution areas etc. In longer-term settlements, space for gardening is also included

Water Sanitation Hygiene W 7-5 W7 Aggravating Factors Nb of people on the site

The number of people on the site is the number of people residing continuously at the site and does not include people who may be registered at the site but who are not physically present, as in the case of a village with scattered outlying houses.

Water Sanitation Hygiene W 7-6 W7 Aggravating Factors Shelter Conditions

Unsanitary shelter conditions include the following: - lack of adequate ventilation, smoke pollution (e.g.