Presence of human faeces on the ground on and around the site
Presence should clearly be the result of recent scattered defecation by a significant number of people. One isolated stool does not constitute a substantial presence.
Indicator used for response monitoring ?
Threshold / Standard
Surveyors should look for the obvious places where people may go to defecate on the ground. Faeces that were clear deposited more than a few days ago should not be counted; only recently deposited faeces indicate an ongoing problem of access to toilets. Organised open defecation areas that are too close to water sources and living areas or that do not provide adequate protection from contamination should be counted as substantial presence.
Guidance for pre-crisis/baseline