Safe water is defined as water that: (1) comes from a protected and/or treated water supply and/or is treated at household or point of use; (2) is collected and stored in clean covered or narrow-necked containers; (3) is transferred safely during collection at the water point, when transferring from collection containers to storage, (4) containers and when transferring to containers used for drinking or cooking
Nb of households where all three criteria of safe water are met
Total nb of households in the sample
Indicator used for response monitoring ?
Threshold / Standard
Follow-up of trends. Target: 100%
Ascertain where water for drinking and cooking is collected from and check whether or not any other water sources are used. Observe the presence, type and state of water containers, which should be cleaned at least once per week to be considered clean. Where household or point-of-use treatment is required, ask to see the water-treatment equipment a products used and, if chlorine-based treatment is used, check if there is a free chlorine residual in the water. Model questions for survey: What is the main source of drinking water for members of this household? Do you ever drink water from other sources? If YES, which ones? May I see the containers you use for collecting water, please? Do you store water for drinking in the household? If YES, may I see the containers, please? Observe and check if the containers are covered. Who takes water from these containers? How do you remove water from the drinking water container? What do you use to remove water? Are the water containers cleaned? When were they cleaned last? Do you treat your water in any way to make it safer to drink? IF YES, what do you usually do to the water to make it safer to drink? When did you treat your drinking water the last time using this method? If water is treated by a method other than boiling, may I see the product or device? If blench, chlorine or tap water, test water for free chlorine
Guidance for pre-crisis/baseline
The proportion of household is also an indicator on the proportion of people using safe water, indicator which can be then desagregated by sex and age.