Unsanitary shelter conditions include the following: - lack of adequate ventilation, smoke pollution (e.g. from indoor cooking); - inadequate insulation and lack of heating in cold climates, inadequate protection from the sun, inadequate protection from the wind, leaking structures;- infestation by pests and disease vectors (rats, mosquitoes, cockroaches etc.); - lack of basic amenities such as bedding, storage containers etc.; - accident hazards such as unprotected stairwells in multi-storey buildings and lack of structural safety; - lack of privacy (particularly in collective shelters with inadequate partitions between family or household areas) and of personal security.
Threshold / Standard
1) Less than 2 m2 of covered floor area per person and unsanitary shelter conditions 2) Less than 2 m2 of covered floor area per person or unsanitary shelter conditions 3) Between 2 m2 and 3.5 m2 of covered floor area per person and sanitary shelter conditions 4) At least 3.5m2 of covered floor area per person and sanitary shelter conditions
Seek data from key informants in the camp management and camp coordination cluster. Shelter conditions may be verified visually during a household survey, transect walk or other method. Where there is a large variation in shelter conditions for a population on the same site (for example, where some people have remained in their houses and others have moved into a school following a cyclone), an average score should be estimated for the total population concerned and a note made on the variation in conditions in the 'notes' box.
Guidance for pre-crisis/baseline