Undernutrition for 5 to 19 year olds

Undernutrition for 5 to 19 year olds

Prevalence rate (%) of children and adolescents 5-19 years of age with Z-scores defined as BMI-for-age index less than -2 standard deviations from the median BMI of a reference population of children/adolescents of the same age and/or having bilateral pitting oedema

Unit Description: 
Percentage
Numerator: 
Number of children and adolescents 5-19 years that meet the criteria for undernutrition
Denominator: 
Total number of children and adolescents 5-19 years surveyed
Disaggregation: 
Geographical area, sex
Threshold / Standard: 
WHO Reference 2007 www.who.int/growthref.
General guidance: 
Should be based on a methodologically solid anthropometric nutrition survey finding and include Confidence Intervals
Guidance on phases: 
Preparatory and phase iv and beyond
Phase applicability: 
Pre-crisis/Baseline
Phase 4
Comments: 
Particularly important for adolescent girls. Data on the undernutrition rate should be compared by sex in order to identify any specific discrimination girls, boys, adolescent girls and adolescent boys might face in accessing nutrition. In case there is an important difference between the percentage of girls and the percentage of boys suffering from undernutrition, the programme should address these gaps by undertaking a gender analysis of the specific challenges the disadvantaged group is facing, including an analysis of the socio cultural habits and beliefs that might differently impact on girls' and boys' nutritional well being. Note: the indicator includes 5.0 to 19.0 years. Based on WHO 2007 reference population
Code: 
N-014
Sub-domain: 
N1 Prevention and Management of Acute Malnutrition
Unit of Measurement: 
Individual
Key indicator: 
No
Types: 
Baseline
Outcome
Indicator used for response monitoring ?: 
Yes
Standards: 
Sphere: Appendix 4: Measuring acute malnutrition
SPHERE Food security and nutrition chapter
Global Clusters: 
Nutrition
Sector cross-tagging: 
F1 Food Assistance
F3 Food Access
F4 Income Access
F5 Market Access
F6 Availability
F7 Utilization
H3 Communicable diseases
H4.2 Maternal and newborn care
W1 Hygiene Promotion
W2 Water Supply
W4 Vector Control
W7 Aggravating Factors