Severe acute malnutrition based on MUAC and oedema

Severe acute malnutrition based on MUAC and oedema

Prevalence rate (%) children 6-59 months with MUAC less than 115 mm and/or having bilateral pitting oedema

Unit Description: 
Percentage
Numerator: 
Number of children aged 6-59 months that meet the criteria for severe wasting based on MUAC
Denominator: 
Total number of children aged 6-59 months surveyed
Disaggregation: 
Geographical area, age, sex
Threshold / Standard: 
WHO child growth standards and the identification of severe acute malnutrition in infants and children. A Joint Statement by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund, 2009.
General guidance: 
When possible to use representative surveys, alternatively - rapid nutrition assessment with smaller number of children can give an idea of the situation - but these findings from a rapid nutrition assessment - with small numbers of children need to be treated with caution and should NOT be presented as prevalence but as number of children
Guidance on phases: 
Phase I,II; added to surveys Phase III,IV
Phase applicability: 
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 4
Data Sources: 
Population surveys with representative sampling methods (MICS, DHS, SMART) & rapid nutrition assessment
Comments: 
It is a good practice to disaggregate oedema cases, however there is a concern of accuracy and precision.
Code: 
N-009
Sub-domain: 
N1 Prevention and Management of Acute Malnutrition
Unit of Measurement: 
Individual
Key indicator: 
Yes
Types: 
Baseline
Outcome
Indicator used for response monitoring ?: 
Yes
Global Clusters: 
Nutrition
Sector cross-tagging: 
F1 Food Assistance
F3 Food Access
F5 Market Access
F7 Utilization
H1 General clinical services & essential trauma care
H2 Child health
H4.2 Maternal and newborn care
W1 Hygiene Promotion
W2 Water Supply
W3 Excreta Disposal
W4 Vector Control
W7 Aggravating Factors