Acute malnutrition based on MUAC and oedema

Acute malnutrition based on MUAC and oedema

Prevalence rate (%) of children 6-59 months with MUAC less than 125 mm and/or having bilateral pitting oedema

Unit Description: 
Percentage
Numerator: 
Number of children aged 6-59 months that meet the criteria for wasting based on MUAC
Denominator: 
Total number of children aged 6-59 months surveyed
Disaggregation: 
Geographical area, age, sex
Threshold / Standard: 
WHO child growth standards and the identification of severe acute malnutrition in infants and children. A Joint Statement by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund, 2009.
General guidance: 
When possible to use representative surveys, alternatively - rapid nutrition assessment with smaller number of children can give an idea of the situation - but these findings from a rapid nutrition assessment - with small numbers of children need to be treated with caution and should NOT be presented as prevalence but as number of children
Guidance on phases: 
Phase I,II; added to surveys Phase III,IV
Phase applicability: 
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 4
Data Sources: 
Population surveys with representative sampling methods (MICS, DHS, SMART) & rapid nutrition assessment
Comments: 
It is a good practice to disaggregate oedema cases, however there is a concern of accuracy and precision
Code: 
N-008
Sub-domain: 
N1 Prevention and Management of Acute Malnutrition
Unit of Measurement: 
Individual
Key indicator: 
Yes
Types: 
Baseline
Outcome
Indicator used for response monitoring ?: 
Yes
Global Clusters: 
Nutrition
Sector cross-tagging: 
F1 Food Assistance
F3 Food Access
F5 Market Access
F7 Utilization
H2 Child health
H4.2 Maternal and newborn care
W1 Hygiene Promotion
W2 Water Supply
W3 Excreta Disposal
W4 Vector Control
W7 Aggravating Factors