Moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in infants 0-5 months

Moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in infants 0-5 months

Prevalence rate (%) of moderate acute malnutrition in infants less than 6 months of age based on weight-for-height z-score less than -2 and equal or greater than -3 standard deviations of the median of the standard population (WHO 2006)

Unit Description: 
Percentage
Numerator: 
Number of infants less than 6 months that meet the criteria for moderate acute malnutrition
Denominator: 
Total number of children less than 6 months surveyed
Disaggregation: 
Geographical area, sex
Threshold / Standard: 
No standard WHO thresholds; this indicator cut-off should be interpreted in consideration of other indicators including morbidity, mortality and proportion of GAM
General guidance: 
Should be based on a methodologically solid anthropometric nutrition survey finding and include Confidence Intervals
Guidance on phases: 
preparatory; Phase III and IV
Phase applicability: 
Pre-crisis/Baseline
Phase 3
Phase 4
Guidance for pre-crisis/baseline: 
Prevalence easy to derive by subtracting Proportion of SAM from Proportion of GAM
Data Sources: 
Population-based surveys with representative sampling methods (MICS, DHS, SMART)
Comments: 
Note that WFH and MUAC do not measure the same things and are not comparable. Data on the moderate acute malnutrition rate should be compared by sex in order to identify any specific discrimination baby girls or baby boys might face in accessing nutrition. In case there is an important difference between the percentage of infant girls and the percentage of infant boys suffering from malnutrition, the programme should address these gaps by undertaking a gender analysis of the specific challenges the disadvantaged group is facing, including an analysis of the socio cultural habits and beliefs on breastfeeding that might differently impact on baby girls' and baby boys' nutritional well being.
Code: 
N-006
Sub-domain: 
N1 Prevention and Management of Acute Malnutrition
Unit of Measurement: 
Individual
Key indicator: 
Yes
Types: 
Baseline
Outcome
Indicator used for response monitoring ?: 
Yes
Global Clusters: 
Nutrition
Sector cross-tagging: 
F1 Food Assistance
H2 Child health
H4.2 Maternal and newborn care
W1 Hygiene Promotion
W2 Water Supply
W3 Excreta Disposal
W7 Aggravating Factors