Moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in infants 0-5 months
Prevalence rate (%) of moderate acute malnutrition in infants less than 6 months of age based on weight-for-height z-score less than -2 and equal or greater than -3 standard deviations of the median of the standard population (WHO 2006)
Number of infants less than 6 months that meet the criteria for moderate acute malnutrition
Total number of children less than 6 months surveyed
Geographical area, sex
Indicator used for response monitoring ?
Threshold / Standard
No standard WHO thresholds; this indicator cut-off should be interpreted in consideration of other indicators including morbidity, mortality and proportion of GAM
Should be based on a methodologically solid anthropometric nutrition survey finding and include Confidence Intervals
Guidance on phases
preparatory; Phase III and IV
Guidance for pre-crisis/baseline
Prevalence easy to derive by subtracting Proportion of SAM from Proportion of GAM
Population-based surveys with representative sampling methods (MICS, DHS, SMART)
Note that WFH and MUAC do not measure the same things and are not comparable. Data on the moderate acute malnutrition rate should be compared by sex in order to identify any specific discrimination baby girls or baby boys might face in accessing nutrition. In case there is an important difference between the percentage of infant girls and the percentage of infant boys suffering from malnutrition, the programme should address these gaps by undertaking a gender analysis of the specific challenges the disadvantaged group is facing, including an analysis of the socio cultural habits and beliefs on breastfeeding that might differently impact on baby girls' and baby boys' nutritional well being.