Number of persons consulted (disaggregated by sex/age) before designing a program/project [alternatively: while implementing the program/project]

Number of persons consulted (disaggregated by sex/age) before designing a program/project [alternatively: while implementing the program/project]

Participation in design of assessments, programmes, evaluations etc, means that a selected segment(s) of the affected populaiton have a direct influence on decision making.  Measures should be taken to ensure the participation of members of all groups of affected people – young and old, men and women. Special efforts should be made to include people who are not well represented, are marginalised (e.g. by ethnicity or religion) or otherwise ‘invisible’ (e.g. housebound or in an institution). The participation of youth and children should be promoted so far as it is in their own best interest and measures taken to ensure that they are not exposed to abuse or harm. (Sphere Core Standard 1, Guidance Note 3)

Possible examples:

  • # of focus group discussions organized with affected girls, women, boys and men that have been used to influence decisions made on design of assessments, programmes, standards, selection criteria, etc.
  • % of female and % of male parents actively participating in the conception and implementation of M&E of education in emergencies services. 
Unit Description: 
Number
Numerator: 
number of persons consulted
Denominator: 
N/A
General guidance: 
Understanding and addressing the barriers to participation faced by different people is critical to balanced participation. How a cluster or organisation enables key stakeholders to play an active role in the decision-making processes that affect them. It is unrealistic to expect an organisation to engage with all stakeholders over all decisions all of the time. Therefore the organisation must have clear guidelines (and practices) enabling it to prioritize stakeholders appropriately and to be responsive to the differences in power between them. Mechanisms need to be in place to ensure that the most marginalized and affected are represented and have influence. Participation here also encompasses the processes through which an organisation or cluster monitors and reviews its progress and results against goals and objectives; feeds learning back into the organisation on an on-going basis; and reports on the results of the process. To increase accountability to stakeholders, goals and objectives must be also designed in consultation with those stakeholders. A well known example of participation in developing indicators is the WASH indicator developed by a community which was - "# of hours girls spend in school" - highlighting the importance of education to the community, and also that improved water access had improved education possibilities. So the indicator has a measurement of impact built into it, the improved water access as an outcome can be assumed.
Guidance on phases: 
All Phases
Phase applicability: 
Pre-crisis/Baseline
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 4
Data Sources: 
Agencies, NGOs, Government
Comments: 
• Organisations document how it speaks with a balanced cross-section of representatives from the affected communities. • Agency has a verifiable record of how communities (or their representatives) are demonstrably involved and influential in decision-making, implementation and judgement of impact throughout the lifetime of a project. • Agency has mechanisms in place to monitor and evaluate outcomes and impact and these are reported against (incl. to affected communities). • Cluster has a verifiable record of how it identified interest groups in the affected communities, and the power relationships that exist.
Code: 
AAP-3
Sub-domain: 
Participation
Unit of Measurement: 
Institution
Key indicator: 
Yes
Types: 
Process
Indicator used for response monitoring ?: 
Yes
Standards: 
HAP Benchmark 4 on Participation
Sphere Core Standard 1: People-centered humanitarian response
The Good Enough Guide - Tool 3: How to involve people throughout the project
Global Clusters: 
Food Security
Health
Logistics
Protection
Nutrition
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Camp Coordination / Management
Education
Emergency Shelter and NFI
Emergency Telecommunications
Early Recovery
Sector cross-tagging: 
(C) Camp Coordination / Management
C1 Community engagement and self-empowerment
C1.1 Displacement Site Managers
C1.2 CCCM Mechanisms
C2 Population information management
C2.1 CCCM Mechanisms
C2.2 Return/ Relocation/ Integration
C2.3 Service Provision
C3 Protection and services monitoring and coordination
C3.1 Displacement Site Managers
C3.2 Service Provision - WASH
C3.3 CCCM Mechanisms
C3.4 Service Provision - Protection
C3.5 Service Provision - Food and Nutrition
C3.6 Service Provision - Education
C3.7 Protection
C3.8 Access and Movement
C3.9 Service Provision - WASH &/or Shelter
C3.10 Service Provision - Health
C3.11 Service Provision - Shelter
C4 Camp planning and durable solutions
C4.1 Return/ Relocation/ Integration
(E) Education
E1 Access and Learning Environment
E1.1 Equal Access
E1.2 Facilities and services
E1.3 Protection and Well-being
E2 Teaching and Learning
E2.1 Curricula
E3 Teachers & other education personnel
E3.1 Law and Policy Formulation
E3.2 Recruitment and Selection
E3.3 Supervision
E4 Educational Policy
E4.1 Law and Policy Formulation
(F) Food Security
F1 Food Assistance
F1.1 Cash Transfer
F1.2 Voucher Transfer
F1.3 In-kind Transfer
F1.4 Livelihood Recovery
F2 Livelihood Assistance
F2.1 Cash Transfer
F2.2 Voucher Transfer
F2.3 In-kind Transfer
F3 Food Access
F4 Income Access
F5 Market Access
F6 Availability
F6.1 Food Availability and Agriculture
F6.2 Livestock
F7 Utilization
F8 Agriculture and Livestock
(H) Health
H1 General clinical services & essential trauma care
H2 Child health
H3 Communicable diseases
H4 Sexual and Reproductive Health
H4.1 STI & HIV
H4.2 Maternal and newborn care
H4.3 Sexual violence
H5 Non communicable diseases and mental health
H6 Environmental Health
(L) Logistics
L1 Volume
L2 Weight
(N) Nutrition
N1 Prevention and Management of Acute Malnutrition
N1.1 SAM
N1.2 MAM
N2 Infant and Young Child Feeding
N3 Prevention and Control of Micronutrients Deficiencies
(P) Protection
P1 (PC) Child Protection
PC1 Dangers and Injuries
PC2 Physical violence and other harmful practices
PC3 Sexual violence
PC4 Psychosocial distress and mental disorders
PC5 Children associated with armed forces and armed groups
PC6 Child Labour
PC7 Unaccompanied and separated children
PC8 Justice for Children
PC9 Community-based child protection mechanisms (CBCPM)
P2 (PG) Gender-Based Violence
PG1 Developing Referral Pathway for Survivors
PG2 Develop/apply SOPs context specific
PG3 Multi sectoral engagement (health, legal/justice, security, psychosocial)
PG4 Advocacy, awareness, education with affected populations, local authorities, international community
PG5 Data collection, storage and sharing
PG6 Prevention Programming
P3 (PL) Housing Land and Property
PL1 HLP Documentation
PL2 Access to Land
PL3 HLP Disputes
PL4 Security of tenure for informal rights holders or vulnerable groups
P4 (PM) Mine Action
PM1 Clearance of Mines and other Explosive Remnants of War (ERW)
PM2 Mine and ERW risk education
PM3 Stockpile destruction
PM4 Victim Assistance
P5 Vulnerability
P6 Displacement and Return
P7 Documentation
(R) Early Recovery
R1 Economic Recovery and Livelihoods
R2 Basic Infrastructure Restoration
R3 Capacity Building
R4 Governance
(S) Emergency Shelter and NFI
S1 Shelter
S1.1 Access
S1.2 Assistance
S2 Shelter-related NFI
S2.1 Access
S2.2 Assistance
S3 Shelter-related Fuel/Energy
S3.1 Access
S3.2 Assistance
(T) Emergency Telecommunications
T1 ICT Performance
T2 ETC Coordination
(W) Water Sanitation Hygiene
W1 Hygiene Promotion
W1.1 Hygiene items
W1.2 Hygiene Practices
W2 Water Supply
W2.1 Access and Water Quantity
W2.2 Water Quality
W2.3 Water Facilities
W3 Excreta Disposal
W3.1 Environment
W3.2 Toilet Facilities
W4 Vector Control
W5 Solid Waste Management
W6 Drainage
W7 Aggravating Factors
W8 WASH Programme Design and Implementation